Different individuals belonging to at least 18 species of mammals have a home-range that totally or partially includes the Carvignone area. Deer, roe deer, foxes, badgers, martens, martens, bats, micro-rodents, squirrels etc. constantly or seasonally frequent the woods on the slope that goes from Berzo-Demo (on the orographic left of the Oglio river) up to the Musna plain and further towards Pizz Olda (2511 m ed.). Carvignone is located approximately in the center of this side at around 1000 meters above sea level and between the gorge of the Rio dei Valzelli and the Coppo valley. In this However, the fauna in the Adamello Park area is particularly elusive and suspicious. The presence of wild species is detected through constant monitoring carried out with cameras and video traps of some passages and the area surrounding the Observatory. The interventions envisaged by the project aim at implementation of measures that can spontaneously encourage a "rapprochement" of some mammals and make them, as far as possible, observable (also indirectly) and photographable. Precisely for this purpose, in agreement with the Adamello Park and the Municipality of Cevo since the beginning of the project the first step was to expand the already existing Refuge and Environment Area by asking for the availability of the local hunting world. The Cevo Hunters' Association not only accepted this request but further extended the ZRA prohibition upwards. It will take some time for the fauna to perceive this changed situation. The atavistic and more than justified fear of animals towards humans suggests that enjoyment of the nature trail but even more so of the observatory regulated since our presence is precisely the reason why species wild ones hide from our sight. Our smell, our noise and our clothing does not always suit the surrounding environment, causes that mammals notice us even before we are aware of the their presence. Our beloved dogs are another serious reason for alarm and disturbance for roe deer, deer and foxes who see in the best friend of man a "predator" without limits and methods. Unlike the wolves that try to go "unnoticed" by their prey in order to get them surprise and make hunting more effective, domestic dogs, for them nature, do the exact opposite and it is no coincidence that they have been used for millennia for hunting. This is why access with dogs of any kind is prohibited size and breed. The small limitations we ask of Carvignone users they are only functional to make your visit more interesting and engaging.

The fingerprint table

This interactive table called "footprint table" wants introduce us to the knowledge of the other species of mammals  which are sharing with us the territory. What is the first clue that makes us perceive the presence of wild mammals? They are footprints, the most direct and unequivocal sign of presence. . Since each species leaves a size-specific footprint, shape and design, with the help of a QR CODE, we can discover (by using the  downloadable cards) the complex biology of the eight species represented. 

The different main Mammals Groups 

Land mammals can be divided into three large groups based on the structural characteristics of the limbs and walking mode: 





Plantigrades are animals that use the entire surface of the whole when moving
foot (plantar). A clear example is us humans who, when walking, rest the entire surface of the foot on the ground: from the last phalanges of the toes to the heel. Between the animals that belong to the fauna of our mountains are the bear and the badger. The plantigrades they are "slow" animals, omnivorous and therefore are not specifically prey predators.

Plantigrade or semi-plantigrade
they are also all rodents, such as the squirrel or insectivores such as the hedgehog or the shrew.


Digitigrades are animals that walk by leaningonly the surface of the toes on the ground. For these animals this adaptation is fruit of the evolutionary need to move quickly. They are in fact generally carnivores and therefore predators. It is easy to understand that supporting the whole The plantar surface was therefore not functional to make them run. 

What are the digitigrade animals? All species belonging to the family of canids and gods felids. Among the species of our woods we can mention: both the wolf and the foxcanids. 

A small parenthesis should be opened instead for the Mustelidae such as the stone marten, the marten, the weasel and the ermine (with the exception of the Badger which, as we have seen, is placed in the ranks of the plantigrades), which use walking in a differentiated way, that is, they can use their "legs" both as plantigrades do (especially the hind legs) and as digitigrades do (especially the front legs). In short, something in between.


Unguligrades is a  group of animals that in course of their evolution, being almost exclusively ruminant herbivores and therefore potential prey,s They had to develop a constituted "foot". from nails alone and transformed into a hoof. This allows it to move with great speed and agility, having escape as the only defense weapon against predators. In our latitudes they are part of the unguligrades (or ungulates) deer, roe deer, chamois, ibex (ruminants = polygastric) and the wild boar (non-ruminant = monogastric). 

he paw of these animals is a hoof made up of nails of the third and fourth toes extremely thickened and hardened which are the last part of the limb touching the ground. To them once the unguligrades are divided into two other ORDERS: that of the artiodactyls with even nails (third and fourth finger) and that of perissodactyls   with odd nails (third toe only) which in our latitudes has no representatives in the world of wild species. (with the exception of horses and donkeys which are domestic breeds).